IMAGE
IMAGE

NCSU Water Quality Group

EVALUATION
of the
EXPERIMENTAL
RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM




J.A. Gale, D.E. Line, D.L. Osmond, S.W. Coffey, J. Spooner,
J.A. Arnold,T.J. Hoban, and R.C. Wimberley

Published by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
May 1993 (EPA-841-R-93-005)


Table of Contents

Disclaimer

Executive Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1 The Rural Clean Water Program
1.2 Contributions and Successes of the Rural Clean Water Program
1.3 The Evaluation Process
1.4 Purpose and Contents of this Report
Chapter 2: Program Analysis
2.1 Keys to a Successful Nonpoint Source Program
2.1.1 Definition of Program Objectives and Goals
2.1.2 Program Organization, Administration, and Management
2.1.3 Program Funding
2.1.4 Project Selection Criteria
2.1.5 Water Quality and Land Treatment Monitoring and Evaluation
2.1.6 Program Evaluation
2.2 Keys to a Successful Nonpoint Source Control Project
2.2.1 Definition of Project Objectives and Goals
2.2.2 Project Planning, Administration, and Management
2.2.3 Information and Education
2.2.4 Producer Participation
2.2.5 Land Treatment Implementation and Tracking
2.2.6 Water Quality Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting
2.2.7 Linkage of Land Treatment and Water Quality Changes
Chapter 3: Perspectives on the Rural Clean Water Program: Survey Results
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Farm Operator Survey
3.2.1 Rationale and Objectives
3.2.2 Background Research
3.2.3 Farm Operator Survey Research Techniques
3.2.4 Farm Operator Survey Results
3.3 Project Personnel Survey
3.3.1 Rationale and Objectives
3.3.2 Project Personnel Survey Research Techniques
3.3.3 Project Personnel Survey Results
3.4 Summary of Lessons Learned

3.4.1 Awareness of Agricultural NPS Pollution and Problem Ownership
3.4.2 Participation in Voluntary NPS Pollution Control Programs
3.4.3 BMP Adoption
3.4.4 Information and Education
3.4.5 Water Quality Monitoring
3.4.6 Technical Assistance
3.4.7 Project Organization
3.4.8 Workshops for Project Participants
Chapter 4: Rural Clean Water Program Project Profiles
Alabama - Lake Tholocco (RCWP 1)
Delaware - Appoquinimink River (RCWP 2)
Florida - Taylor Creek Nubbin Slough (RCWP 14)
Florida - Lower Kissimmee River (RCWP 14A)
Idaho - Rock Creek (RCWP 3)
Illinois - Highland Silver Lake (RCWP 4)
Iowa - Prairie Rose Lake (RCWP 5)
Kansas - Upper Wakarusa (RCWP 6)
Louisiana - Bayou Bonne Idee (RCWP 7)
Maryland - Double Pipe Creek (RCWP 8)
Massachsuetts - Westport River (RCWP 15)
Michigan - Saline Valley (RCWP 9)
Minnesota - Garvin Brook (RCWP 16)
Nebraska - Long Pine Creek (RCWP 17)
Oregon - Tillamook Bay (RCWP 18)
Pennsylvania - Conestoga Headwaters (RCWP 19)
South Dakota - Oakwood Lakes - Poinsett (RCWP 20)
Tennessee/Kentucky - Reelfoot Lake (RCWP 10)
Utah - Snake Creek (RCWP 11)
Vermont - St. Albans Bay (RCWP 12)
Virginia - Nansemond - Chuckatuck (RCWP 21)
Wisconsin - Lower Manitowoc River (RCWP 13)
Appendices
  1. RCWP Best Management Practices
  2. Abbreviations
  3. Glossary of Terms
  4. Project Documents and Other Relevant Publications
  5. Farm Operator Survey Design
  6. Farm Operator Questionnaire
  7. Project Personnel Questionnaire and Data Summary
  8. Methodology for On-Site Evaluation

List of Figures

List of Tables